While many health conditions experienced by gay and bisexual men are the same as, or similar to, those of their heterosexual counterparts, certain health disparities impact the community more than others. HIV continues to be one of those conditions, but these days more gay and bisexual men die of suicide than HIV.

Inclusive policies and practices at the provincial, federal, and territorial levels are desperately needed.

Despite advances in human rights, gay and bisexual men’s health remains a significant marker of just how much progress is still needed. In addition to HIV, which is both a historic, and ongoing epidemic among gay and bisexual men, several other health disparities have been well documented. These include elevated rates of depression, anxiety, and suicide; smoking, substance use, and addiction; and other serious conditions including hepatitis C, anal cancer, and cardiovascular disease.

To address these health disparities, we need to eliminate stigma and discrimination and their effects in the home, schools, workplaces, faith communities, and health care settings. The health care environment presents unique opportunities to address health equity. Inclusive policies and practices at the provincial, federal, and territorial levels are desperately needed. Actions on health care must be rooted in the communities most impacted, based on the best available evidence, supported by government and policy makers, and grounded in the social determinants of health.